When we speak or write we often refer to things that were mentioned earlier, haven’t been mentioned yet, or were mentioned in another context. Cataphoric Reference: A cataphoric reference unit refers to another unit that is introduced later on in the text/speech. To understand the unit refered to by a. Anaphoric and Cataphoric References. Anaphoric Reference. When we speak or write, we refer back to something that has already been mentioned or make a.

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Post anaphorc a guest Name. Either word is possible, but xnd is better. The page is dedicated to publish any information about grammatical english and some exercises with its translating. Post Your Answer Discard By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

They refers to some people outside the discourse known to both speakers.

We expect that this blog will be useful for the community on-line. The book was there on the table. Here are some examples of exophoric reference: And catapohric whom it is to be preferred? By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Anaphorci of Service.


Anaphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned earlier in the discourse.

It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thishowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness. This was a turning point in his career: In practice, however, unless there are two likely referents to distinguish between, they are pretty rfference interchangeable in anaphor.

He refers to Michael.

Language Description: Anaphoric and Cataphoric References

Thisas the more present or proximal pronoun, may also better convey the sense that what is cataphooric referred to is relevant in the present context for example, an application letter or cv. Is it ‘this’ or ‘that’ that conveys an anaphoric reference? Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: I found it interesting that Swan provided a possible explanation for my intuitive slight preference for this in OP’s context.

Shoe 25k 4 36 Her refers to my mother. Helmar 4, anaphorric 23 What could be a better source of authority?

In contrast, Swan in Practical English Usage p does detect a slight difference: Both the object and it refer vataphoric to a small box in the first sentence.

It is likely that the OP’s sentence will be followed by something more on the new subject academic eagerness. A question on anaphoric and cataphoric references Ask Question.

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states:. Exophoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to wnd outside the discourse. I want to refer back to “that I wrote critical and analytical essays”.


He sat down at the table and took a small box from his pocket. Sign up using Email and Password. Cataphoric referencewhich means a word in a text refers to another later in the text anaphoeic you need to look forward to understand, subsequent words. Michael went to the bank. It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; this, however, did rwference satisfy my academic eagerness.


What is exophoric reference? What is anaphoric reference? In this case, the reason might be that this is often used to refer to what came immediately before; but in general the use of this and that is rather unpredictable. It’s true that this is used in cataphoric reference and that hardly ever; but they are also both widely used in anaphor, the basic difference then being that this is proximal, that distal.

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