ENDUTIH 2010 PDF

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The spread of ICT, in almost all its manifestations, has been, to say the least, impressive all over the world but the backwardness and differences in terms of access and use between the most favored social contexts and the traditionally marginalized ones continue to be present on the horizon. The development objectives established by the United Nations in this sector were expressed in the World Summit on the Information Society held in the Geneva and Tunis Conferences.

And in municipalities where the human development level is less, the differences enfutih usually of a considerable magnitude within it.

National Survey on Availability and Use of Information Technologies in Households (ENDUTIH)

And it is 2001 that we are referring to the same entities considered in the above indicators. The digital divide is appreciated more clearly. The Case of Travel Search Engines. The most recent data ENDUTIH report a decrease in the size of the gap in these indicators, but it is unquestionable that a structural tendency remains despite it all.

Connectivity, a necessary condition Digital connectivity is a legitimate, rising aspiration. These contexts are characterized, among other features, by the prevalence of free, competitive markets prone to innovation, with relatively high-income populations and satisfactory aptitudes to use information and communication technologies. The analysis presented here is made up of three sections, all of them tending to explore the importance of the educational factor as a variable that is associated with differential access to ICT among the population of the state of Jalisco, and consequently with its digital connectivity levels.

As to the number of users, it was found that almost 74 of every one hundred Mexicans over six years of age declare they are cellular telephony users. Still very far away from the original goal. Measured in terms of users, the number of people with access to computers practically multiplied while the proportion of Internet users went from eight per cent at the beginning of the century to almost 60 per cent at the end of Complexity in the Adoption of Technology in Tourism Services.

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Computers in Human Behavior, 27 2— A comparison of Internet and Conventional Retailers. So then, when it comes to digital and communication gaps, it is necessary to consider more specific realities that illustrate how overall percentages do not manage to capture the reality prevailing in each region.

Information Technologies ; Strategy and Travel Agency. In turn, according to the same survey, access to computers grew almost four times in a year period, while the number of households connected to the Net multiplied more than seven-fold in the same time span.

A longing by millions of human beings all over the world.

Complexity in the Adoption of Technology in Tourism Services : Journal of Intercultural Management

Mexico and Turkey tend to rival on the lower scale of the indicators that reveal the achievements on the subject of ICT-related activities OECD, On the other hand, if we analyze the behavior of the educational variable taking into account only the population 15 years or older with a maximum schooling degree equivalent to middle school that is, a lower degree of schooling it is possible to observe the following tendencies: The percentages range from In this sense, the results of the Jalisco situation reveal tendencies that confirm the national and global reality, inequality:.

Connectivity per Upper and Lower Decile. Review of Telecommunication Policy and Regulation in Mexico. This is a clearly painted digital divide.

And such context, fraught with risks and contradictions, is described synthetically by this institution in the following terms:.

Complexity in the Adoption of Technology in Tourism Services

Cobertura Universal, precios accesibles y calidad con las leyes secundarias de telecomunicaciones. Information Societies and Digital Divides: Let us take for example, the municipality of Lagos de Moreno, where access to a computer in a household is over eight times greater between the upper and the lower decile, while Internet access is 30 times greater edutih the privileged sectors than in the most marginalized.

Inequality in the Information Society.

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Alva de la Selva, A. Monopolization, and therefore lack of competition, inconsistent regulations, lack of efficient authorities to regulate the market and insufficient infrastructure, among many other factors, were the points indicated by the OECD as the variables that explained a distorted development fraught with contradictions: Conceptual Problems, Empirical evidence and Public Policies.

The telecommunications sector in Mexico is the 11 th in terms of its size at the OECD with approximate incomes nearing Sign in to annotate. Institute of Network Cultures. Estudios y Perspectivasen Turismo, 15 4— This article deals with the question of digital inequality, measured in terms of connectivity, within the context of the state of Jalisco, whose development indicators tend to place it as one of the most developed states in Mexico, but nonetheless it accumulates significant evidence of poverty and social disparities.

The digital gap, considered now as a new face of poverty, does not just end with the expansive dynamism of ICT.

The difference in the indicators between them can be substantial. Some statistics are encutih than pertinent to illustrate this tendency. According to the World Bank report:. So, in all AGEBs with most Internet access, the average population with levels of higher educational competence surpasses the average of the population with such level of education prevailing in the total of municipalities and the state see Table 4.

In this same sense, while the average number of households with a computer in Jalisco was 36 per every one hundred, in Zapopan enduhih rocketed to 54 of every one hundred, in Villa Corona it reached And as it was to be expected, the halfway point that has prevailed in the Mexican socioeconomic development in the last three decades also finds its reflection in the scale with which we are evaluated in this aspect.

Therefore, we are in the presence of an intra-municipal digital divide See Table 3.