Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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They have been the most productive source of leads for the development of many effective drugs now available in orthodox medicine.

Showing 0 of 0 comments. Direct seeding is possible. Hymenocardiq leaf decoction is taken as an emetic and to treat snakebites. A crude root extract showed significant anthelminthic activity against the intestinal parasite Haemonchus contortus.

The wood is commonly used as fuel and for charcoal production; it burns slowly with a hot flame and little smoke. Red data list status: Leaf acidaa is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled on sores after washing.

Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images 7. A bark decoction is widely taken to treat pulmonary affections, including tuberculosis; it is also used as a steam bath, alone or with the fruits, to treat breathing difficulties and colds. Inhibition of adjuvant arthritis in the rat and pinnal inflammation in the mouse by an extract of Hymenocardia acida.


Hymenocardia acida is propagated by seed and by wildlings.

Hymenocardia acida – Wikipedia

The review covers phytochemical constituents, ethnomedicinal and pharmacological activities of this plant. This development has led to increased research and an upsurge of published works in journals related to natural products.

Pharmaceutical Biology 43 1: In Sierra Leone the leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat ophthalmia. Evaluation of African medicinal plants for their in vitro trypanocidal activity. BoxAH Wageningen, Netherlands.

West African Plants

A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida common shrub x – 9k – jpg www. Free radical scavenging activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts. In West and Central Africa, the wood is considered brittle, and not much used as a timber. Fruit flattened, with 2 wings, forming a distinct V-shape, red when ripe, hairless.

In East and southern Africa the wood is known for its hardness and resistance to termites; it is used to make house posts, poles, pestles and tool handles. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly rounded or notched at the apex, dark green above, brown hairy only when young, paler below, densely covered with golden gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of hymnocardia veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under.

Hymenocardia acida is widely distributed throughout tropical Africa, and is locally common. In vitro antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity of ethnobotanically selected Ivorian plants. In vitro antidrepanocytary activity anti-sickle cell anemia of some Congolese plants. Two varieties are distinguished in Hymenocardia acida: Hymwnocardia in web searches.

The young leaves and twigs are commonly browsed by cattle and in DR Congo they are eaten by edible caterpillars. Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany.


There are 4 news article citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Though many of these journals and publications are open access online, there is the need to bring into focus and shape the thinking and research opportunities of those scientists engaged in the field of natural products by bringing together in form of a review, the publications that are available on a given natural product.

Preliminary studies of the chemistry of Hymenocardia hymenlcardia showed the presence of saponins. Volume 9, part 4. There are citation in web searches related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Hymenocardia acida — Wikipédia

The zcida is pale brown or pink, darkening to orange, hard, with fine texture and conspicuous annual rings. Insects associated with this species: A methanolic leaf extract showed very high radical scavenging activity, comparable to tocopherol.

Hymenocardia acida slash obtained from P. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 81 2: Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida Tul.

There are book citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Dioecious, deciduous shrub or small tree up to 6 —10 m tall, often straggling; bole up to 30 cm in diameter, often stunted or contorted; bark smooth, pale brown or hjmenocardia, flaking off, showing a powdery reddish to orange inner bark; upper branches spreading, lower branches drooping; young shoots short-hairy.