John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().

Author: Vuk Nejar
Country: Sudan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Software
Published (Last): 23 August 2005
Pages: 157
PDF File Size: 7.58 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.97 Mb
ISBN: 918-5-28320-711-5
Downloads: 98803
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Marr

Gerard may be considered one of the founders of botany in the English language, but he was not well educated, was more interested as a herbalist and barber-surgeon in the medicinal properties of the plants than botanical theory [9] and was not notable as a botanist in terms of technical knowledge in his own time according to his gedard.

John Gerard | English herbalist and author |

Gerard and L’Obel were friends who made occasional field trips together. Gerard, who had cataloged his own extensive garden the year before the first complete inventory of gearrd private garden was called upon to complete the project. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article.

Gerrard’s garden” in East Smithfield, but this was not proceeded with. Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Gerard. He also received offers to supervise the gardens of noblemen.

Contact our editors with your feedback.

Herbalists English botanists English botanical writers births s deaths English male writers People from Nantwich Pre-Linnaean botanists. George Baker describes this garden in his preface to the Herball as follows “all manner of strange trees, herbes, rootes, plants, floures and other such rare things, that it would make a man wonder, how one of his degree, not having the purse of a number, could ever accomplish the same”.


Dodonaei, Remberti []. He became a member of the Court of Assistants board of directors on 19 Junedespite being accused of defaming the wife of a colleague in Natural History in Renaissance Europe.

Not until the early s did the potato finally become a staple in the European diet. NantwichCheshire, England.

The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (1597)

Please try again later. Norton decided to proceed with publication despite these difficulties. Johnson, Thomased. Nothing is known of his parentage, [1] [2] but the coat of arms on his Herball implies he was a member of the Gerards of Ince.

John Gerard

Garth, who described Gerard as “a worshipful gentleman and one that geradr delighteth in strange plants” had South American contacts from where he would import rarities. Kohn Priest, a member of the London College of Physicians, was commissioned to translate Rembert Dodoens’ collected works Stirpium Historiae Pemptades Sex into English, but he died before the book was published.

The art of describing the natural world through direct observation divides Renaissance natural historians from their medieval predecessors, whose practitioners were largely uncritical adherents of the ancient texts.

The first description of the potato in English appears in The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes by John Gerardwho corresponded with Clusius and provided him with some tubers, presumably from his own garden. Gentian was named in honor of King Gentius of Illyria B.

Gerard’s Herball references many of the poisonous plants mentioned in Shakespeare ‘s plays. English herbalist and author”. He was a mindful editor: According to legend, Sir Walter Raleigh ate the poisonous berries of the potato plant, not knowing that the edible part was underground the potato is of the same genus as the Deadly Nightshade.

  KX - TDA1178 PDF

The following year, he received the picture itself. The Jewel house of art and nature: Gunther, Robert Theodore Although Gerard took almost complete credit for the work, it may actually have been based on a translation of Stirpium historiae pemptades sexby the Flemish botanist Rembertus Dodoens. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes ()

He arranged to rent woodblocks illustrating plants from continental publisher Nicholaus Bassaeus, who previously used a series of impressive illustrations in Eicones plantarum by Jacob Theodor otherwise known as Tabernaemontanus. Retrieved 1 November In addition to the general desire for greater accuracy in publication, the discovery of previously unknown plants brought over from the Americas familiarized botanists with the gdrard of geographical variation and distribution, broadening the scope of the genre.

Gerard is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name. While an apprentice, he traveled and found several previously unknown plants in Britain, then continued his botanical explorations jkhn published two books on the subject: Garret was a Huguenot ojhn and working in London, and a neighbour of L’Obel.